ISO 14001 Certification
he acronym ISO 14001 identifies a series of international standards relating to the environmental management of organizations. The acronym ISO 14001 identifies one of these standards, which establishes the requirements of an “environmental management system” of any organization. The ISO 14001 standard (translated into Italian in UNI EN ISO 14001: 2004) is a certifiable standard, meaning that certificates of compliance with the requirements contained therein can be obtained from an accredited certification body operating within certain rules.
Certification according to ISO 14001 is not mandatory, but is the result of the voluntary choice of the company / organization that decides to establish / implement / maintain / improve its own environmental management system. It is also important to note that the ISO 14001 certification does not attest to a particular environmental performance, nor does it demonstrate a particularly low impact, but rather demonstrates that the certified organization has an adequate management system to keep the environmental impacts of its activities under control , and systematically seeks improvement in a coherent, effective and above all sustainable way. It is useful to underline again that ISO 14001 is not a product certification.
More than 9000 ISO 14001 certifications were issued in Italy (in the context of national accreditation, data as of 31 October 2006), of which 259 related not to companies (private organizations), but to public administrations (municipalities, provinces, protected areas, port authorities and other administrations).
EMAS II (Environmental Management and Audit Scheme)
EMAS II (Environmental Management and Audit Scheme) is an environmental quality certification standard recognized by the European Union through a legal device, the EU eco-management and audit regulation (EC) 761/2001 of 19 March 2001. This standard applies to both private organizations (eg businesses, districts industrial) and public (for example Municipalities, Provinces) that prove to have objectives and programs for improving environmental quality. The only way recognized by the Regulation to express this improvement in a concrete and measurable way is to set up an environmental management system, SGA in abbreviation.